Saint Peter in Chains (medieval church, 5th century)

Also known as the Basilica Eudoxiana, it was first rebuilt on older foundations in 432–440 to house the relic of the chains that bound Saint Peter when he was imprisoned in Jerusalem, the episode called the Liberation of Saint Peter. In fact Vinculis (links, but also chains) is a reference to that miracle concerning the chains of St. Peter. The Empress Eudoxia (wife of Emperor Valentinian III), who received them as a gift from her mother, Aelia Eudocia, consort of Valentinian II, presented the chains to Pope Leo I. Aelia Eudocia had received these chains as a gift from Iuvenalis, bishop of Jerusalem. According to legend, when Leo, while he compared them to the chains of St. Peter’s final imprisonment in the Mamertine Prison in Rome, the two chains miraculously fused together. The chains are kept in a reliquary under the main altar in the basilica. The basilica, consecrated in 439 by Sixtus III, has undergone several restorations, among them a restoration by Pope Adrian I, and further work in the eleventh century. From 1471 to 1503, in which year he was elected Pope Julius II, Cardinal Della Rovere, the nephew of Pope Sixtus IV, effected notable rebuilding. The front portico, attributed to Baccio Pontelli, was added in 1475. The cloister (1493–1503) has been attributed to Giuliano da Sangallo. Further work was done at the beginning of the 18th century, under Francesco Fontana, and there was also a renovation in 1875. It is a “touristic must see” also because it houses the statue of Moses by Michelangelo.

Moses (sculpture, c.1513–1515)
The statue of Moses by Michelangelo Buonarroti was designed for a grand monument to be placed in the centre of St. Pietro (new), the new basilica which Pope Julius II decided to build on the site of the existing one. The death of the pope in 1513 stopped the completion of the monument. The statue depicts the Biblical figure Moses with horns on his head, based on a description in the Vulgate, the Latin translation of the Bible used at that time.Foto del Monumento :
S. Pietro in Vincoli

-Indirizzo del Monumento – :Piazza S. pietro in Vincoli

– Rete trasporto pubblico : Metro B stazione Cavour

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– Monumenti vicini da visitare:

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– Link di riferimento del Monumento :

– Bibliografia sul Monumento :